Arab Republic of Egypt | Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah
Background:Egypt is a member state of the League of Arab States
In about 3100 B.C., Egypt was united under a ruler known as Mena, or Menes, who inaugurated the 30 pharaonic dynasties into which Egypt's ancient history is divided -- the Old and the Middle Kingdoms and the New Empire. The pyramids at Giza (near Cairo), which were built in the fourth dynasty, testify the power of the pharaonic religion and state.
Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab world. Nominally independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II.
The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile river in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt.
A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to ready the economy for the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.
border countries: Palestine (Gaza Strip), Libya, Sudan
related countries: United Kingdom
Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah
Short form: Misr
Int'l short form: Egypt
Int'l long form: Arab Republic of Egypt
former: United Arab Republic (with Syria)
ISO Country Code: eg
Actual Time: Wed-Feb-14 00:40
Local Time = UTC +2h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) 29 April - 30 September (UTC +3)
Capital City: Cairo (al-Qa hirah)
(pop. estimated 16 million)
Alexandria (6 million), Aswan, Asyut, Port Said, Suez, Ismailia
Independence: 1922 (from the UK)
Location:Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip
Area: 1 million sq. km (386 000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Desert, except Nile valley and delta.
Climate: Dry, hot summers; moderate winters
Population: 68 million
Ethnic groups: Egyptian, Bedouin Arab, Nubian
Religions: Sunni Muslim 90%, Coptic Christian
Languages: Arabic (official), English, French
Literacy--total adult: 55.2%, male: 66.6%, female: 43.6%.