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Biodiversity and Conservation of Flora of Carey Island, Malaysia

By walaa on June 23,2008

 

Noorma Wati Haron and Rosna Mat Taha   

Abstract

         Floristic surveys were conducted at six sites of Carey Island, Malaysia. From the surveyed sites, 53 species that belong to 48 genera and 30 families had been identified. The common species recorded were Avicennia alba, A. intermedia, Bruguiera gymnorhiza, Ceriops tagal, Nypa fruticans, Rhizophora apiculata, R. mucronata, Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea, Sonneratia alba, Xylocarpus granatum and X. moluccensis. However, the dominant pteridophytes were Adiantum flabellulatum, Lygodium salicifolium and Nephrolepis biserrata. With special interest to mangrove sites, the majority of the identified species are of economic importance either as a source of food, medicine, wood, ornamentals or for coastal protection. Xylocarpus species are considered as important endangered mangrove species in Malaysia. Therefore, propagation of these species through tissue culture, as an approach for conservation, has been initiated.Keywords: Biodiversity, Carey Island, conservation, Malaysia, mangrove, tissue culture, Xylocarpus.


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